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Les Articles Articles
 
Les Articles Définis Definite Articles

nightIn French, nouns (substantives m.) are either masculine (m.) or feminine (f.). Each gender has its own article.

le jour m. the day
la nuit  f. the night

Les is the plural article for both masculine and feminine nouns.

les hommes m. plural the men
les femmes f. plural the women

When the noun begins with a vowel or a silent 'h', the le or la simply becomes l'.

l'ombre m. the shade
l'abeille f. the bee
l'hôtel m. the hotel

Les Articles Indéfinis Indefinite Articles

un bâtiment  m. a building
une maison   f. a house
des choix  m. some choices
des filles  f. some girls/daughters

Le Genre Gender

Guessing the gender of people nouns is easy. If you're referring to a male, it's masculine, otherwise it's feminine.

le gosse the kid (male)
la gosse the kid (female)

Many people nouns have both masculine and femine forms.

le fermier farmer (male)
la fermière farmer (female)
le vendeur salesperson (male)
la vendeuse salesperson (female)

Some people nouns are always either masculine or feminine, regardless of whether it refers to a guy or a girl.

la vedette star
le savant wise person
le pilote pilot
le professeur teacher (high school or university)

Guessing the gender of inanimate nouns can be a bit tricky. Consonant ending nouns are usually masculine and e ending nouns are usually feminine but there are tons of exceptions. There are some rather complicated rules that can be used.

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