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In Spanish, nouns (sustantivos) are either masculine (m.) or feminine (f.). Each gender has its own article.

el día m. the day
la revista f. the magazine
los hombres m. plural the men
las mujeres f. plural the women

Nouns that end in o are almost always masculine. Nouns that end in a are almost always feminine.

un edificio m. a building
una casa f. a house
unos perros m. plural some dogs
unas gatas f. plural some female cats

To form the plural of a noun, add an s to the end if it ends in a vowel...

the day → the days
the friend → the friends

and an es to the end if it ends in a consonant...

the canal → the canals

If the noun ends in -ion, the accent is dropped for the plural form.

the nation→ the nation
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