Usted is the formal 'you' form. Using it shows respect and social
distance. When it should be used varies from country to country but generally
it should always be employed when addressing older individuals and people of
authority like your teachers and the police.
Vosotros is the plural form of 'you' in Spain. Everywhere else, ustedes
As you probably noticed, the verb form changes whenever the subject changes.
The form of the verb, known as the conjugation, indicates the subject as well
as the tense. Because the form of the verb does
such a good job of indicating the subject, mentioning the subject is optional
whenever it is understood.
Most of the time, conjugations are formed simply by changing the verb ending.
When this is the case, the verb is regular. Many verbs, including the verbs
featured on this page, undergo more drastic changes and are known as irregular verbs.
|Now would be a good time to study the regular
verbs which are divided into -ar ending verbs and -er
and -ir ending verbs.
Finally, you might have noticed that the adjectives
above have different endings. Adjectives usually come in masculine and feminine
flavors. Masculine adjectives end in -o and feminine adjectives in
-a. Adjectives ending in e are invariable.