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Les Verbes Impersonnels Impersonal verbs

The pronoun il is used when describing the weather and for time realated expressions. Il here represents the state of things - the world or universe at that moment.

  Il pleut. It's raining.
  Il neige. It's snowing.
  Il fait chaud. It is hot.
  Il fait froid. It is cold.
  Il fait beau. It is nice (outside).
  Il fait mauvais. It is bad (outside).
  Il y a du vent. It's windy.
(There is wind)
   
Il est six heures. It is 6 o'clock.
Il est midi. It is noon.
Il est trois heures dix. It is three ten.
Il est une heures moins dix. It is 10 till 1.
Il est trois heures et demi. It is half past three.
Il est neuf heures moins le quart. It is a quarter till 9.
Il est huit heures quarante-cinq. It is nine fourty-five.
Il est tôt. It's early.
Il est tard. It is late.

 

practice telling time


The verb falloir is always used with il and expresses what is needed or what must be done.

Il faut arranger la chambre.
The room must be cleaned/tidied up.

Il faut aider les pauvres.
One must help the poor.

Il ne faut pas être égoïste.
One must not be selfish.

Il y a is used to express 'there is'.

Il y a un ours sur la montagne.
There is a bear on the mountain.

Il y a un passage secret derrière ce mur.
There is a secret passage behind this wall.

 
Location Prepositions:
sur on devant in front of à cote de beside
sous under derrière behind à la droite de to the right of
entre amongst, between   à la gauche de to the left of

practice

and ___ 'ago'.

Il y a un siècle, l'ordinateur n'existait pas.
A century ago, the computer didn't exit.

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