Les pronoms personnels sujets Subject Pronouns

Je suis le professeur. I am the teacher.
Tu es un élève. You are a student.
Il est français. He is French.
Elle est française. She is French.
Nous sommes des élèves. We are students.
Ils sont de France. They are from France.
Elles sont de Paris. They (women) are from Paris.

When je is followed by a word that begins with a vowel, it becomes simply j'.

J'arrive ! I'm coming!

Vous is the formal 'you' form. Using it shows respect and social distance. It should always be used when addressing strangers except for in certain environments like school where students normally use tu with each other. Permission should be asked before using tu, but you normally shouldn't ask if someone is significantly older than you. It should always be employed when addressing people of authority like your teachers or the police.

Excusez-moi. Vous parlez francais ?
Excuse me. Do you speak French?

Normally, the final consonant of a word ending in s isn't pronounced. when followed by a vowel ending word or a word that begins with silent h, this final consonant is pronounced. This is called liaison.

les enfants the children
Je suis heureuse. I am happy (f.).

Vous is also used for plural you.

Vous êtes fous. You (all) are crazy.
Vous êtes des élèves. You (all) are students..
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