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Los Mandatos Commands

Informal (tú) Affirmative Commands

Come! Eat!
Habla solamente español! Speak only Spanish!
Vive como si es tu ultimo dia! Live as if it is your last day.
Abre la puerta para ella! Open the door for her.

For affirmative commands, object pronouns trail the verb.

Comelo! Eat!
Abrela! Open it!
Levantate! Get up!

There are a several informal irregular forms.

  Di! Tell!
  Haz! Do!
  Ve! Go!
  Pon! Put!
  Sal! Leave!
  Sé! Be!
  Ten! Have!
  Ven! Come!

Sé a tiempo! Be on time!
Hazlo! Do it!
Dimelo. Tell it to me.
Pon la mesa. Set the table.
Ten cuidado. Be careful!
Haz ejercicio! Exercise!
Ve al mercado. Go to the market.

When telling someone what not to do (informally), use the second person subjunctive conjugation (see subjunctive conjugations) .

  No me dejes aqui. Don't leave me here.
  No grites. Don't shout.
  No llores. Don't cry.
Formal (Usted) commands
The subjunctive is used both for affirmative and non-affirmative formal commands.

  Barre el suelo. Sweep the floor.
  Cierre la puerta. Close the door.
  Toma el aqua. Drink the water.
  Venga aqui. Come here.
  No me olvide. Don't forget me.
  Llameme. Call me.

Sometimes it's best to politely ask someone to do something rather than to order them around. To do this use the conditional form of 'could'.

  Podría usted hacer su cama?
Could you make your bed?
  Podrías dar de comer al perro Could you feed the dog?
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