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Los Pronombres Subjectivos Subject Pronouns

Yo soy un principiante. I am a beginner.
eres un estudiante. You are a student.
Él es simpático. He is agreeable likable.
Ella es simpática. She is agreeable/likable.
Nosotros somos antipáticos. We are not agreeable/unlikable.
Nosotras somos antipáticas. We (woman) are not agreeable/unlikable.
Ellos son maestros. They are fathers.
Ellas son maestras. They (woman) are mothers.

Usted is the formal 'you' form. Using it shows respect and social distance. When it should be used varies from country to country but generally it should always be employed when addressing older individuals and people of authority like your teachers and the police.

Usted es el professor Guzman, verdad? You are professor Guzman, right?

Vosotros is the plural form of 'you' in Spain. Everywhere else, ustedes is used.

lovely Spanish people
Vosotros sois los expertos. You (all) are the experts.
Vosotras sois inteligentes. You (all)(women) are smart.
Ustedes son de España. You (all) are from Spain.

As you probably noticed, the verb form changes whenever the subject changes. The form of the verb, known as the conjugation, indicates the subject as well as the tense. Because the form of the verb does such a good job of indicating the subject, mentioning the subject is optional whenever it is understood.

Soy el patrón. I'm the boss.
Eres alto. You are tall.

Most of the time, conjugations are formed simply by changing the verb ending. When this is the case, the verb is regular. Many verbs, including the verbs featured on this page, undergo more drastic changes and are known as irregular verbs.

Now would be a good time to study the regular verbs which are divided into -ar ending verbs and -er and -ir ending verbs.

Finally, you might have noticed that the adjectives above have different endings. Adjectives usually come in masculine and feminine flavors. Masculine adjectives end in -o and feminine adjectives in -a. Adjectives ending in e are invariable.

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